BEAT THE BITE
Ticks are very common in the Spring Season. Ticks are found in heavily wooded areas and places where there are high grasses. There are three different types of ticks in NJ that may carry disease. Each of these ticks is no bigger than a pin-head.
What diseases are transmitted by ticks?
Ticks can spread the following diseases and symptoms can occur:
- Lyme Disease (3-30 days)
- Ehrlichiosis (5-10 days)
- Anaplasmosis (5-21 days)
- Rocky Mountain spotted fever (5-10 days)
- Babesiosis (7-56 days)
Usually a tick must attach to the human body for at least 36-48 hours before the spirochetes are transmitted to the host.
What are the symptoms of tick-borne diseases?
- Skin rash (Bull’s eye rash most common in Lyme Disease)
- Stiff Neck, muscle aches, joint pain
How can tick-borne disease be prevented?
- Avoid wooded areas with high shrubs.
- Stay in the center of hiking trails.
- When outdoors, apply EPA registered insect repellent. DEET may be used on clothes and Permethrin should only be used on clothing.
- Wear long, solid and light-colored clothing with pants tucked into socks.
It is important to watch for symptoms and talk to your healthcare provider if you have been bitten by a tick. Early treatment can be very effective.
NJDOH Communicable Diseases: http://www.nj.gov/health/cd/
Katie Brach, BSN, RN
908-722-8222 x 117
Barbara Petercsak, RN, BSN
908-722-8222 x 115
Gloria Menjivar, CNA
908-722-8222 x 116